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Q: I write from India; currently I am in my last year of pre-university schooling. I am very interested in engineering, and especially automobile engineering. I am really interested in designing automobiles. What are the top engineering schools in the world where I could pursue these interests?

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Q: What the kind of courses are you taking?
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Q: Is it usually really hard to find a job once you've completed engineering studies in a college?
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Q: I am an undergraduate student studying toward a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) degree in electrical engineering.

(1) What kind of a pay should I expect from an internship at my second year?
(2) What kind of a pay should I expect to get from a job after I have completed my studies?

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Q: What do you like about environmental engineering?
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Q: I am sixteen years old. I would like to be an engineer in the telecommunication field. Please let me know about its scope and what it is all about.
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Q: What is a good strategy for building a strong weight-withstanding card house?

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Q: I am applying to a university and would like to get a part-time job so that I can work while I am in school? How would I maintain a good GPA while working?
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Q: I am currently doing a school project in which I am being interviewed as if ten years from now I am an electrical engineering being interviewed for a job. I would like to know what the requirements for obtaining a career as an electrical engineering. I would like to know what steps I need to take for that specific field. What kind of majors, certificates, etc., should I pursue?

A career in electrical engineering generally requires an education from a specialized school, college, or university. Depending on the nature of the job desired, a bachelor's or graduate degree is usually necessary.

A 1999 report by the National Science Foundation estimates that electrical engineers make up about one-fourth of all those employed as engineers. Most electrical engineers in the United States and Canada started their careers after earning a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree in engineering from an accredited program that required four years of study (some universities award a Bachelor of Engineering, Bachelor of Technology or Bachelor of Applied Science degree). In some European countries, typical engineering programs require five years of study. The general trend in Europe (based on the Bologna Declaration) is toward a program of three (3) years of studies toward a B.Sc. degree followed by two (2) years of studies toward a Master of Science (M.Sc.) degree. Only M.Sc. holders are considered ready for engineering practice.

It is estimated that about 77% of practicing engineers with engineering degrees in the United States hold a B.Sc as their highest degree (requiring on average 4 years). 19% hold an M.Sc. (requiring additional 2 years on average), and the remaining 4% hold a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) (requiring on average 4 years of study after the B.Sc. degree). Most engineering jobs still require only a B.Sc. or equivalent. However, if you desire to do advanced development work, an M.Sc. is likely to be required; if you wish to engage in state of the art research, you probably would need a Ph.D. degree.

Electrical engineering major and its sub-disciplines

Electrical engineering is a broad academic field and is composed of many sub-disciplines. These sub-disciplines include (but are not limited to) power, control, electronics, microelectronics, signal processing, telecommunications, and computers. The diversity of the academic field is representative of the diversity of professional careers in electrical engineering, which range from the design and modeling of nano-scale electronic devices to the control of the US electric power grid. Computer engineering and electronics engineering are also closely related to electrical engineering.

Most universities offer curriculum tracks within their electrical engineering department that focus on individual sub-disciplines. You should select a track or sub-discipline based on the kinds of jobs that interest you.


For careers that involve providing engineering services to the public, the applicant usually must be licensed as a professional engineer. In the United States, this requires (in addition to a degree from an accredited engineering program) four years of relevant work experience and passing a state exam. Although in general it is not necessary to attain the Professional Engineering (PE) license to practice engineering, it may be required in order to do certain kinds of government work or to review and approve designs. Some companies may require the license for promotion to management positions.

You might find some of the following links to be helpful

  • Guide to College Majors in Electrical Engineering, provided by, provides a brief
    discussion of the field of Electrical Engineering, career planning advice, and information about
    Electrical Engineering degree programs and licensure.

  • IEEE Pre-University Education provides resources for pre-university students about education and career options in electrical,
    electronic, and computer engineering.

  • Electrical Engineering at Wikipedia provides information regarding electrical engineering. Note that entries in Wikipedia may be modified by users at any time, so reader caution is advised.

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    Q: I was wondering if it is hard to become an engineer? Even if it is hard, is it worth it? I am really getting interested in this field. I am 14 years old and hope to one day work as an engineer.
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