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Q: I hear that it's tough for a woman to make it in engineering… is this so?
Q: Which area of engineering has the best salary potential?
Q: Let me please know the potential of Nanotechnology education, and the list of universities offering Masters and Doctoral degree in Nanotechnology.
Q: I'm doing my comp sciences engineering and I'm having a lot of trouble about deciding my career ahead. Can you please tell me what are the different aspects of computer science engineering....I mean apart from software do I have any other direction to lead my career?

My answer is divided into two parts. First I provide a broad overview
of the fields you are asking about, namely Computer Science and
Computer Engineering. Second I make suggestions about your choices
and about approaches to these disciplines in school.

The main fields available to individuals with interest in computers
and computing are Computer Science and Computer Engineering. Both are
wide and fascinating fields.

Computer Science deals with the theoretical and practical aspects of
information processing and computation on computer systems. It
includes fields like the theory of algorithms and data structures,
programming language theory and practice, complexity of algorithms and
tasks, computer graphics, databases, and artificial intelligence.
This is not a complete list, but you can easily sees it transcends
programming. The current version of the Wikipedia article on Computer
Science ( is a good
place to get some appreciation of the diversity and excitement of this

Computer Engineering is a discipline which resides at the intersection
of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering. Computer Engineers
are often described as Electrical Engineers with specific training in
computer hardware and in the interaction between hardware and
software. Examples of the products created and developed by Computer
Engineers are the mobile phone and the various play stations and
computer and video games that have become so popular in the last
10-15 years.

Some of the fields that are unique to Computer Engineering include
design of Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI) systems for computing
hardware, and of essential components of computers such as memories
and electronic circuitry, including analog circuits and digital
hardware. Recently the design and operation of computer networks and
communication networks (such as the Internet) have become an integral
part of Computer Engineering.

Presentations on Computer Engineering are available here:
and here:

So... what should you do? My recommendation would be to enroll in a
school that has both Computer Engineering and Computer Science
programs, and go through the freshman year in one of the two programs.
Use this year to get a better understanding of sub-fields and areas
of interest. You will gain such understanding from your classroom
experience and from talking to professors and peers. There is a high
likelihood that through this process (perhaps coupled with a summer
internship or a co-op assignment) you will get a better sense of what
is your area of interest within these two rich and multi-faceted
disciplines. Still, you should always remember that these fields are
constantly evolving and that no decision you make now about courses
and course tracks is likely to have a critical long term impact on
your career. New areas and sub-disciplines are likely to come and go,
and part of the excitement of the computing disciplines is that they
offer new challenges and take significant turns and new directions
every five years or so. The only safe prediction about Computer
Science and Computer Engineering is that they will continue to be
important, interesting, challenging, and rewarding for many decades to

Q: What is the difference between Computer Engineering and Computer Science? How does one decide which one to choose?
Q: Which areas of engineering are most in demand?
Q: I'm really interested in the environment… as an engineer would I have a chance to work outside?
Q: Right now I am in my final year in electronics and communication engineering. I have great interest in R & D sector. I have already published around 20 papers in various conferences. But as far as a career in the R & D sector is concerned, I have not found any opportunities. I have been offered a well paying software job. What should I do? Should I take the software job?
Q: Sir or Ma’am, I'm a first year engineering student willing to make some working models. I want to know how I can make a FM transmission set. Please let me know in a simple style so that I can make it on my own without involving any tedious circuits or so.
Q: I am a student of Electrical Engineering in Pakistan. I have yet to decide amongst the 4 majors offered by my university: Communication and Electronics, Power and Software. I have aptitude in Communication and Power. The major deciding factors for me will be which one of these two fields has more demand and higher salary! Can you please guide me? Which one should I opt?
Thanking you in anticipation,

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